What is Coronavirus | Disease Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Types

Coronavirus is a kind of virus that causes Coronavirus disease like sinuses, infection in your nose or upper throat infection. Most of the coronaviruses are not dangerous, But though, some of the types of coronaviruses are serious. About 850 people died from MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) which initially appeared in South Arabia in the year 2012 and then in other countries in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The first American was hospitalized for Mers in the year 2014 in Indiana and in Florida, another case is reported. Both of them had just returned from South Arabia. Often, Coronavirus Symptoms are likely to be a stuffy nose, sore throat and cough. You can treat the symptoms with rest and performing medication over time.

In the Children, the Coronavirus causes middle ear Infection.

Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease

The Coronavirus disease symptoms are way similar to any other upper respiratory infections that include, Cough, sore throat, running nose and sometimes fever can be reported. In the majority of cases, you don’t even know that one has a Coronavirus or any different Cold causing Virus, as rhinovirus. You could get blood tests, lab tests for Identifying whether the cold has caused through coronavirus or any other virus. If Coronavirus goes to the Lower respiratory tract, that can cause pneumonia especially in people with heart disease, in Older people, or people with a weak Immune system.

Coronavirus diseases
Coronavirus diseases

Coronavirus Treatment

There is no Coronavirus Vaccine, to prevent yourself from the virus, do the same things as you do in a simple to avoid the common Cold.

  • Keep your fingers and hands away from your nose, eyes, and mouth.
  • Avoid any close contact with the people who are already affected.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with warm water and soap or with a sanitizer.
  • Take Pain and fever medications.
  • Drink Plenty of Liquid.
  • Stay at home and Rest.

How to Protect Others –

If you have any virus symptoms, you can help others by following –

  • Avoid Close Contact with Others.
  • Stay at Home.
  • Clean and Disinfect surfaces and Objects.
  • Look over your Hygiene.
  • While cough or Sneezing, use the tissue to Cover your mouth then throw it in the bin and wash your hands.

You must see your healthcare provider if you are concerned about your symptoms.

Coronavirus diseases
Coronavirus diseases

Human Coronavirus Types

Coronaviruses were named for their crown-like spikes at the surfaces. Four main groupings of Coronaviruses are known as, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta. First Identification of the Human Coronaviruses is in the mid of the 1960s. Following are the seven Coronaviruses die that can In fact people –

Common Human Coronaviruses

  1. NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  2. 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  3. OC43 (Beta coronavirus)
  4. HKU1 (Beta coronavirus)

Other Human Coronaviruses

  1. MERS –Cov ( Causes middle east Respiratory Syndrome, Beta Coronavirus)
  2. SARS –Cov ( Causes severe acute Respiratory syndrome, Beta Coronavirus)
  3. 2019 –nCov ( 2019 Novel Coronavirus)

The common Infection in people around the world with human coronaviruses are NL63, 229E, HKU1 and OC43.

Sometimes infection of Coronaviruses in animals can evolve and make other people sick and ultimately becomes a new Human Coronavirus. Recent examples of this are SARS-Cov, MERS –Cov and 2019 –nCov.


SARS (Sever Accute Respiratory Syndrome) was first recognized in China in 2002 in November. Probable cases were approximately 8,090 including 774 deaths. There has not been any case reported since 2004 for SARS –Cov around the world.


MERS –Cov is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, it was first reported in the year 2012 in South Arabia. It was then passed and causes illness in some people from other countries.

2019 –nCov ( 2019 Novel Coronavirus)

WHO (World Health Organization), on 9th January 2020, reported that Novel Coronavirus is Identified by Chinese authorities. There is an outbreak of pneumonia associated with this Virus.

Coronavirus disease origin is from animals like civets, bats, and camels, which is not transmissible to humans. But Coronavirus occasionally can pass from animals to the Humans and then humans to humans, as the case with SARS Cov in the early 2000s. SARS is Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. There is a confirmation from the side of China’s National Health Commission that 15 of the Health care workers are Infected, this is an indication that viruses can pass from human to human and spread. In 2019 of December, this was traced to an animal market in China’s City of Wuhan and it can be believed that the virus can spread with having live contact with the animals that are already infected. Since then, the market has been Closed. Wuhan is home to more than 10million people and it lies about 500 miles west of Shanghai.

There is no specific treatment for 2019 –nCov. There must be supportive care to relieve and manage symptoms. There is no Coronavirus Vaccine available for this Virus.

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